Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is also known as adult-onset or non-insulin dependent diabetes. This disease is classified as a chronic condition, affecting the way body metabolizes sugar. In the lack of a proper treatment, this disease can actually put in danger the life of a patient. Type 2 diabetes can be life-threatening if left untreated.

Type 2 diabetes is more commonly diagnosed in adults. However, the disease can be found in children, too. One of the most important things you need to understand about this disease is that it cannot be cured. However, treatment will keep it under control.


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Symptoms

Symptoms develop slowly for patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. This is why in many cases patients receive a diagnosis years after the disease has been developed. Some of the symptoms of this disease are listed below:

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination;
  • Increased hunger;
  • Weight loss;
  • Fatigue;
  • Blurred vision;
  • Frequent infections;
  • Slow-healing sores.

Seeing a doctor is a must as soon as you feel that something may be wrong with your health. Keep in mind that if this disease remains untreated, it can actually cause the death of the patient.


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Here are some risk factors that may increase your chance of being diagnosed with types 2 diabetes:

  • Being overweight;
  • Having increased fat in the abdomen;
  • The lack of physical activity;
  • Family history of diabetes type 2;
  • Age over 45.

Treatment

Treatment for this condition will include regular blood sugar monitoring, diabetes medication and insulin therapy. All patients diagnosed with this disease have to lead a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and healthy eating.

Monitoring blood sugar is absolutely a must. This is the only way you can be sure that your treatment is the right one. Respect all the recommendations you receive from your doctor and keep in mind that this is the only way to control the disease.

All You Should Know About Diabetes

Diabetes is quite a serious condition that can be diagnosed in patients of all ages. This disease commonly affects the way the human body uses glucose, also known as blood sugar. Glucose is vital for the health of all individuals, being an important source of energy, as well. A patient diagnosed with diabetes is an individual who has too much glucose in his blood. This can lead to some serious health problems, so treatment to keep the disease under control is mandatory.

Symptoms

There are numerous symptoms that may indicate patients that something is not in order with their health. However, it is important to know that symptoms will depend on how much blood sugar is found in the patient’s body. Some of the most common symptoms of this disease are listed below.

  • Frequent urination;
  • Extreme hunger;
  • Increased thirst;
  • Unexplained weight loss;
  • Fatigue;
  • High blood pressure;
  • Infections developed with increased frequency;
  • Slow-healing sores;
  • Blurred visions.

In case you notice any of the aforementioned symptoms, you should seek a doctor’s advise as soon as possible. The quicker treatment begins, the sooner you will be able to overcome this medical condition.


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Causes

Diabetes is quite a commonly diagnosed disease. This is why prevention is important. To be able to understand how to prevent diabetes, you need to first know what causes this disease. Diabetes can be developed due to genetic causes, but there are a series of environmental factors which can play an important role in the development of this disease, too. For instance, being overweight is well known to grow the potential of developing this hard to cure condition. Other risk factors include:

  • The presence of damaging immune system cells in the patient’s body;
  • Low vitamin D consumption;
  • Fat accumulation in the body;
  • Inactivity and the lack of physical exercises;
  • Family history;
  • Abnormal cholesterol levels;
  • High levels of triglycerides;
  • High blood pressure;
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome;
  • Age.


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Diagnosis

Diabetes is usually diagnosed through blood sugar levels checking tests. Patients commonly are recommended to undergo such tests basing on the symptoms they experience. The test, glycated hemoglobin (A1C), shows if the blood sugar level of the patient is normal or not. However, you should know that there are many screening tests that doctors can recommend to confirm the diagnosis or to control the evolution of the blood levels existent in the patient’s body. Still, in most cases a blood sugar test will be enough for the specialist to set the right diagnosis.

Treatment

Depending on the type of diabetes, there are various therapies that can be recommended by doctors. However, in all cases blood sugar monitoring, insulin and oral medications can be part of the therapy. Monitoring blood sugar levels and maintaining a healthy weight are also crucial. Patients should eliminate sugar from their diet, adopting a healthy eating regimen. Patients diagnosed with this disease should center their diet on fruits, vegetables and fiber. Foods high in fat should be eliminated from a patient’s diet. Physical activity is also crucial for the success of your treatment.

Besides diet, doctors can recommend you a treatment that can either include drugs or insulin injections. Monitoring your blood sugar and seeing your doctor regularly are important, as well.


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Diabetes management can be time-consuming, while treatment can last for years. Living with diabetes is not simple at all, this disease rarely being completely cured. Leading a healthy lifestyle based on rational eating and adequate physical exercises can help you reduce the risks of being diagnosed with diabetes.

Diabetes in Pets

In animals, diabetes is most commonly encountered in dogs and cats. Middle-ages animals are most commonly affected. Also, female dogs are twice as likely to be affected as males, while male cats are more prone to developing this condition that female cats. In both species, all breeds may be affected, but some small dog breeds are particularly likely to develop diabetes, such as Miniature Poodles.


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Causes

Regarding the causes of diabetes in animals, pets with this condition may not be able to produce enough insulin, or possibly their bodies do not allow them to use insulin properly. This is just like in humans. Insulin is produced by the pancreas, and allows glucose in the blood to enter cells, allowing the body to function properly. Just like people, pets can suffer from both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms

The symptoms of diabetes in pets may relate to fluid loss and polyuria, but the course may also be insidous. Diabetes symptoms and the complications of this condition are also similar to humans. Here are some common symptoms that can indicate that your pet is diabetic:

  • weight loss, often despite an increased appetite;
  • excessive thirst and urination
  • breakdown of body fat and development of ketacidosis;
  • lower appetite;
  • pungent breath with a chemical smell;
  • complications associated with diabetes.

Remember that your pet may be in the throes of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, which can occur in animals due to insulin overdose. The symptoms of hypoglycemia include:

  • seizures;
  • wobbliness;
  • weakness;
  • dullness;
  • sleepiness;
  • restlessness;
  • coma.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The first thing pet owners need to remember is that diabetic animals are more prone to infections. The long-term complications recognized in humans are much rarer in animals, though. However, it is important to diagnose this condition in time, so that the pet can receive the right treatment. The principles of treatment – weight loss, oral antidiabetics, subcutaneous insulin – and management of emergencies – such as ketoacidosis – are similar to those in humans.

Diagnosing diabetes in pets can be done easily. All you need to do is purchase a box of Keto Diastix and follow the instructions to test the level of glucose and ketones in your pet’s blood.