Diabetes is quite a serious condition that can be diagnosed in patients of all ages. This disease commonly affects the way the human body uses glucose, also known as blood sugar. Glucose is vital for the health of all individuals, being an important source of energy, as well. A patient diagnosed with diabetes is an individual who has too much glucose in his blood. This can lead to some serious health problems, so treatment to keep the disease under control is mandatory.
There are numerous symptoms that may indicate patients that something is not in order with their health. However, it is important to know that symptoms will depend on how much blood sugar is found in the patient’s body. Some of the most common symptoms of this disease are listed below.
- Frequent urination;
- Extreme hunger;
- Increased thirst;
- Unexplained weight loss;
- High blood pressure;
- Infections developed with increased frequency;
- Slow-healing sores;
- Blurred visions.
In case you notice any of the aforementioned symptoms, you should seek a doctor’s advise as soon as possible. The quicker treatment begins, the sooner you will be able to overcome this medical condition.
Diabetes is quite a commonly diagnosed disease. This is why prevention is important. To be able to understand how to prevent diabetes, you need to first know what causes this disease. Diabetes can be developed due to genetic causes, but there are a series of environmental factors which can play an important role in the development of this disease, too. For instance, being overweight is well known to grow the potential of developing this hard to cure condition. Other risk factors include:
- The presence of damaging immune system cells in the patient’s body;
- Low vitamin D consumption;
- Fat accumulation in the body;
- Inactivity and the lack of physical exercises;
- Family history;
- Abnormal cholesterol levels;
- High levels of triglycerides;
- High blood pressure;
- Polycystic ovary syndrome;
Diabetes is usually diagnosed through blood sugar levels checking tests. Patients commonly are recommended to undergo such tests basing on the symptoms they experience. The test, glycated hemoglobin (A1C), shows if the blood sugar level of the patient is normal or not. However, you should know that there are many screening tests that doctors can recommend to confirm the diagnosis or to control the evolution of the blood levels existent in the patient’s body. Still, in most cases a blood sugar test will be enough for the specialist to set the right diagnosis.
Depending on the type of diabetes, there are various therapies that can be recommended by doctors. However, in all cases blood sugar monitoring, insulin and oral medications can be part of the therapy. Monitoring blood sugar levels and maintaining a healthy weight are also crucial. Patients should eliminate sugar from their diet, adopting a healthy eating regimen. Patients diagnosed with this disease should center their diet on fruits, vegetables and fiber. Foods high in fat should be eliminated from a patient’s diet. Physical activity is also crucial for the success of your treatment.
Besides diet, doctors can recommend you a treatment that can either include drugs or insulin injections. Monitoring your blood sugar and seeing your doctor regularly are important, as well.
Diabetes management can be time-consuming, while treatment can last for years. Living with diabetes is not simple at all, this disease rarely being completely cured. Leading a healthy lifestyle based on rational eating and adequate physical exercises can help you reduce the risks of being diagnosed with diabetes.